Types of Plumbing and Drainage Systems Used in Building

A plumbing system is essentially a network of pipes that supply water to and remove wastewater from a building. The type of plumbing system installed in a particular building depends on many factors, such as the size of the structure, the climate and soil conditions in the area, and the type of foundation.


The plumbing and drainage system in any construction project is a vital part of the whole, responsible for the safe and efficient transport of water and waste. There are many different types of plumbing systems that can be used in building construction. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it’s important to choose the right one for your project. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at some of the most popular types of plumbing and drainage systems and discuss their pros and cons.

Network of plumbing system
Network of plumbing system

There are three basic types of plumbing systems: gravity-fed, pressurized, and combined. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages, making it suitable for different types of buildings.

  • Gravity-fed plumbing systems are the most common type of system. In these systems, water flows through pipes by gravity alone. Gravity-fed systems are not suited for high-rise buildings or buildings with poor water pressure.
  • Pressurized plumbing systems use pumps to force water through the pipes. These systems are often used in high-rise buildings or areas with poor water pressure.
  • Combined plumbing systems use both gravity and pressure to move water through the pipes. These systems are often used in large buildings with multiple stories.

Gravity-fed plumbing system

Gravity-fed plumbing systems are the most common type of system. This is the most basic type of plumbing system, where gravity is used to move water and waste through the pipes.  It is a great way to save energy because it does not require pumps or any kind of moving parts. It is commonly used in residential applications.

In these systems, water flows through pipes by gravity alone. Gravity-fed systems are not suited for high-rise buildings or buildings with poor water pressure. The problem with this system is that you have to run your waste water to a sewer drain. If you do not have a sewer drain, you will need a separate drain line. One of the disadvantages of using gravity-fed systems is that they cannot be easily retrofitted.

Pressure-fed plumbing system

This type of plumbing system uses pumps to pressurize the water and move it through the pipes. It is commonly used in commercial and industrial applications. Pressurized plumbing systems utilize pumps to force water through the pipes. The pumps in pressure-fed systems are typically powered by electricity or gas. This system uses a closed loop. A closed loop has no openings in it. The water will flow through it in one direction only.

In addition to the pressure pump, there are also valves, filters, strainers, and pressure regulators. You should know how to operate a pressure-fed plumbing system to ensure the safety of your home and the people who live in it. Pressure-fed plumbing systems help keep the water clean. They also make sure that the water flows smoothly and doesn’t leak or spill. In order to maintain a pressure-fed plumbing system, you will need to check it regularly.  

In many homes, the toilets do not flush properly. This is because of the plumbing in these homes. Plumbing professionals will often recommend that you replace your toilets with pressure-fed plumbing systems. The main advantage of using this type of system is that you don’t have to worry about it flushing properly. These systems are often used in high-rise buildings or areas with poor water pressure. 

Combined gravity-pressure plumbing system

This type of system uses both gravity and pressure to move water and waste through the pipes. It is often used in large construction projects. A combined gravity-pressure system is the best kind of system for plumbing. It can make your life easier and can help you to be more independent.

The most common method of sewage disposal in the United States is the combined gravity-pressure system. It is commonly found in large construction projects. This kind of plumbing system relies on both gravity and pressure to move sewage through the pipes. You will find it in homes that are over 100 years old. Some of these older houses were built before this type of plumbing system was used. It is also used in restaurants, schools, hospitals, and factories.

The advantages of using this type of plumbing system are that it is very efficient and reliable. The disadvantages are that it is expensive and requires special maintenance. You will find that it is more expensive than other systems. Maintenance costs are also high. This plumbing system is a good option if you want to install a new sewer system.

Other Types of Plumbing and Drainage Systems

There are other types (different than above mentioned basic types) of plumbing and drainage systems that have been developed over the years. The most common types are:

The Community Sewerage System

A community sewer system is a way of connecting several houses together so that they can share one sewage system. The benefits of having a community sewer system are that it makes the homes easier to clean and the water cleaner. It is possible to get rid of the waste from the household by sending it to the local community sewer system instead of sending it to a septic tank. When we send our wastes to the sewer, it doesn’t pollute the ground. This is good for our environment.

It is also very helpful for animals that drink water from our yards. The wastes that come out of our bodies are cleaned and disinfected by the water that passes through the sewage system. It’s also important to note that community sewers can only be used by residents. This prevents people who are not living in the area from using them. In case of a fire, a person can easily escape from a house that has a community sewer system.

The Septic Tank System

A septic tank is one of the most efficient ways to handle your waste. You can easily use this system in your home. A septic tank is usually located outside your home. They usually store your wastewater in large tanks. It requires very little maintenance. It can be used to store all kinds of wastes.

A septic tank can be used for household, commercial, and industrial purposes. One of the greatest benefits of having a septic tank is that it prevents you from wasting water. When your waste is treated, you can be sure that it will be treated properly. Your waste will be treated with the right amount of chemicals. It will be kept away from your drinking water.

If you don’t have a septic tank, you could be using a lot of water for cleaning your waste. You will also be risking health problems and diseases. For instance, you will be at risk for developing gastrointestinal illnesses. When you are exposed to bad bacteria, you can get a lot of illnesses.

The Deep Well System

Deep Well Dewatering Systems are used to remove water from a construction site. A deep well dewatering system is a type of dewatering method. These deep well dewatering systems are effective at removing water from construction trenches.

The deep well system is used by engineers and architects to remove water from construction sites. The system has two parts. First, there is a central pipe. Water flows into the central pipe, and then it exits into the surrounding soil through numerous perforated pipe lines. The perforated pipe lines create a network of pipes around the site. The perforations in the pipe allow water to escape while maintaining the integrity of the system.

Water drains from the perforated pipe lines and into a collection chamber. A pump is used to circulate water from the collection chamber to the surrounding soil. This prevents water from accumulating in the collection chamber.

Potable water or drinking water plumbing system

This plumbing system will be exposed to a wide range of conditions and it must be able to withstand all of them. It is also necessary to have a good water pressure when you have this type of plumbing system, so there are many parts to make sure that your system is working at its best. If you want to save time and money, contact a professional plumber to get your potable water plumbing system installed in the shortest possible time.

Sewage plumbing system

Sewage plumbing system in large cities are made up of networks of underground pipes called sewers, which carry the flow of treated sewage to waste treatment facilities. A pump station uses a pressurised water supply to move sewage through the pipes. Sewer systems are also used for stormwater management, in which case, they can include drainage, collection, and filtration systems. 

Most sewer systems are constructed using concrete pipes or steel pipes. When constructing such a sewer system, the location of the sewer system is mapped with reference to the property’s boundaries. The network of pipes is designed with the help of a hydraulic model. The system can be built with a gravity drain, an interceptor drain or a pump.

In some cities, the sewage systems are still not properly maintained because of the lack of resources to do the work. This is why the sewage gets mixed with the other wastes and flows into the rivers or the sea. When the sewage system is not maintained properly, this means that it will become clogged. When it happens, the sewage will overflow and contaminate the environment.

Drainage plumbing system

The design, location and size of your drainage system depends on how much rain falls and how far it needs to travel before reaching your catchment area. Drainage systems can be divided into:

  • Above-ground (above soil)
  • Below-ground (below soil)
  • Intra-building
  • Storm-water

The most common types of above-ground drainage systems are roof drains and wall drains. They are usually installed with PVC piping and steel grates. Other types of drainage systems include sump pumps, dry wells and gutter-type drains.

A below-ground drainage system is often used for areas that get a lot of rain or snowfall. It can also be used if you need to drain a large amount of water from one area of your property. A below-ground drainage system can include pipes buried under the soil to prevent them from clogging. It has further two types

Sanitary Drainage System

A sanitary drainage system was designed to have a higher efficiency to get rid of wastewater in order to reduce the amount of pollution entering our water supply. Because of this, many areas of the world have been replacing their old septic systems with these new models.

Storm-water Drainage System

The storm sewer is a big underground pipe with many branches. The water flows down through the pipe and out into local sewers. Then it flows into rivers or streams. If you want your rainwater to go back into the soil and not into your storm drain, you can install a rain barrel. You can buy a rain barrel at your local hardware store, or you can make one at home.

Components of Plumbing

Every building has 3 basic components of plumbing system: supply lines, fixtures, and drains.

The Supply Line

The main function of the water supply line is to deliver water to the different fixtures in the house. It consists of pipes, fittings, and valves that carry potable (or drinking) water throughout the house. It is made of copper, galvanized steel, or plastic.

The Plumbing Fixtures System

The fixtures are used to provide you with clean, fresh water. The fixtures can be installed in a variety of ways, but the most common way is to install them in the wall. There are three main types of fixtures. They are sinks, bathtubs, and toilets. Sinks and toilets are usually placed near the kitchen or bathroom. Bathtubs are usually placed near the bedrooms or living room.

The Drain-Waste-Vent System

The drain system is used to remove wastewater from the home. This includes water from showers, tubs, sinks, and washing machines. It is also used to drain hot water from the kitchen sink. If you don’t have a drain system, you should hire a plumber to install one.

In addition, there are also some components that you should know about before you start any work on your bathroom.

Wastewater collection tank – is a large container located near your house or business where water and waste is stored before it is moved to the next stage of processing.

Filtration system – is a method that helps to separate solid materials from liquid waste. The most common filter is made up of small glass beads held in a porous material (felt). These can be made of synthetic fibers, cotton, or natural plant fibers. The glass beads are referred to as ‘media’.

Floor drain – is an opening through which waste drains away from the room into the sewer system or out the back of the property, down a stormwater drain or directly into the ground.

Mains – is the sewer pipe that carries the sewage from the drainage point to the wastewater treatment plant.

The Importance of a Good Plumbing System

A plumbing system is one of the most important systems in a building. It is responsible for supplying clean water and removing waste water from the building. A good plumbing system is essential for the proper functioning of the building and the health of its occupants.

There are many people that are not aware of the importance of the plumbing system and its components. Without them we could not live a normal life. We may use them for cleaning the water or for taking a bath. However, it’s important to maintain the pipes and components in order to prevent clogging and damages. 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top